Dahomey is a distinctive region of West Africa, lying west of Nigeria and north of the Gulf of Guinea.

It contains Ardra and Whydah, which were taken over by the Dahomans early in the eighteenth century, and became provinces of Dahomey.

In Voudoun or Voudoo, the Dahomey rituals are distinguished by the gentleness and benevolent nature of the ancient Loa aspects who are invoked.